Top 10 Famous Volcanoes in The World
A volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a pool of molten rock below the surface of the earth. Eruptions occur when pressure builds up. Gases and rock shoot up through the opening and spill over or fill the air with lava fragments. Eruptions can cause lateral blasts, lava flows, hot ash flows, mudslides, avalanches, falling ash and floods. Volcano eruptions have been known to knock down entire forests.
Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes and the symbol of Kagoshima. It smokes constantly, and minor eruptions take place frequently. Sakurajima's most recent major eruption occurred in 1960. In a strong 1914 eruption, large amounts of lava transformed the former island into a peninsula. Sakurajima in Japan is just one of those constant erupting volcanoes that doesn't get its just due.
Avachinsky and Koryaksky are actually 2 different volcanoes . Avachinsky-Koryaksky together has been designated as Decade Volcanoes, worthy of particular study in light of its history of explosive eruptions and proximity to populated areas. Avachinsky is accessible for tourists despite its activity. Koryaksky erupted for the first time in recorded history in 1890.
8. Mount Rainier
Mount Rainier is located in Pierce County , Washington. Once known as Talol, Tacoma or Tahoma, it was named ‘Rainier' in honor of Rear Admiral Peter Rainier by Captain George Vancouver, who was the first European to discover the mountain. The first ascent is believed to be in 1852, but is undocumented. The first recorded ascent was on August 17, 1870 by General Hazard Stevens and Philemon Van Trump, via the Gibralter Ledges route.
7. Mount Vesuvius
Vesuvius is the only active volcano in mainland Europe, and has produced some of the continent’s largest volcanic eruptions. Located on Italy’s west coast, it overlooks the Bay and City of Naples and sits in the crater of the ancient Somma volcano. Vesuvius is most famous for the 79 AD eruption which destroyed the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Though the volcano’s last eruption was in 1944, it still represents a great danger to the cities that surround it, especially the busy metropolis of Naples.
Santorini is a volcanic Island group at the central south end of the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea, Greece. As a popular tourist destination in Greece, it is renowned for its spectacular sea-filled volcanic caldera sourrounded by steep colorful cliffs, the beauty of its villages and fields. Santorini Volcano is one of the most significant volcanoes in the world history because it is considered responsible for the destruction of the Minoan Crete
Spain's highest mountain is a volcano on Tenerife, Canary Islands. The last eruption occurred in 1909. The mountain is protected as the Parque nacional del Teide. The Teide is the highest mountain in all the Spanish territory with a height maximum of 3.718 metres up the sea level and 7.000 meters up the seabed. The eruptions that took place 150.000 years ago marked the actual relief of the entire island.
4. Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji (Fujisan) is with 3776 meters Japan's highest mountain. It is not surprising that the nearly perfectly shaped volcano has been worshipped as a sacred mountain and experienced big popularity among artists and common people. Although especially important to Shintoists, Fuji is also sacred to Japanese Buddhists, who revere the mountain is a gateway to another world.
3. Mauna Loa
Mauna Loa, or "Long Mountain" in Hawaiian, is located on the island of Hawaii. It is pictured above rising 13,680 ft. above sea level. Since 1832, Mauna Loa has erupted 39 times; its last eruption was in 1984. Mauna Loa, world's largest mountain and volcano, is a archetype of a basaltic shield volcano in its late mature stage of life, and only about 600,000-1,000,000 years old. When it erupts, its eruptions are usually huge and produce large rivers of lava that have repeatedly threatened the town of Hilo.
2. Mount Etna
Mt Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe. Mt Etna has the longest period of documented eruptions in the world. Etna is noted for the wide variety of eruption styles. The volcano is at its most spectacular when when both summit and flank eruptions occur simultaneously. The elevation of the mountain is roughly about 3,324 meters. Despite the constant threat to their livelihoods it is also a godsend with what it provides for the residents of the Italian island of Sicily. So much so that they live right up to the slopes and take drastic measures in order to divert the lava flow.
1. Mount Merapi
Mount Merapi is the most active volcano in all Indonesia and it has erupted at least 68 times since 1548. Smoke can be seen emerging from the mountaintop at least 300 days a year. The name Merapi could be loosely translated as "Mountain of Fire". Mount Merapi, which stands at about 9,551 feet (2,911 meters) tall, lies in one of the world's most densely populated areas and dominates the landscape immediately north of the major city of Yogyakarta, on the island of Java. Mount Merapi is a stratovolcano – a tall, conical volcano composed of one layer of hardened lava, tephra and volcanic ash. These volcanoes are characterized by a steep profile and periodic, explosive eruptions. Eruptions have become more explosive over time, with viscous andesitic lavas that form long, thick flows often generating lava domes. Enough said.